A hybrid striped bass, also known as a wiper or whiterock bass, is a hybrid between the striped bass Morone saxatilis and the white bass M. It can be distinguished from the striped bass by broken rather than solid horizontal stripes on the body. Hybrid striped bass are considered better suited for culture in ponds than either parent species because they are more resilient to extremes of temperature and to low dissolved oxygen. They became part of aquaculture in the United States in the late s.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for a world without hunger. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Fisheries and aquaculture resources Capture fisheries resources Aquaculture resources. Search cultured species. The fishes that make up the hybrids of the genus Morone are all within the Moronidae family, which is a small group of freshwater white bass and yellow bass and anadromous estuarine striped bass and white perch and marine percoids striped bass found naturally from the Mississippi River drainage system to the East Coast of the United States and Canada. Also included in this family are the European-North African species of Dicentrarchus represented by two species D.
Hybridization of these two species does not occur naturally. Therefore, hybrid striped bass must be cultured in a fish hatchery situation. Like its parents, the hybrid frequents the open water portions of a lake, feeding almost exclusively on gizzard shad or other pelagic fishes.
Hybrid striped bass possess a sweet, delicate flavor. Cooked, the meat is moderately firm, white and flaky. Striped bass is so named because of the dark stripes that run from its gills to its tails. The commercial fishery for striped bass is managed by each state.